Bee, R.M., Koch, T. & Eid, M. (in press). A general theorem and proof for the identification of composed CFA models. Psychometrika.
Bohn, M., Prein, J., Koch, T. et al. oREV: An item response theory-based open receptive vocabulary task for 3- to 8-year-old children. Behav Res (2023). doi: 10.3758/s13428-023-02169-3
Oeltjen, L., Koch, T., Holtmann, J., Münch, F., Eid, M., & Nussbeck, F. (in press). A General Framework for the Inclusion of Time-Varying and Time-Invariant Covariates in Latent State Trait Models. Psychological Methods
Koch, T., Voelkle, M. C., & Driver, C. C. (2023). Analyzing longitudinal multirater data with individually varying time intervals. Structural Equation Modeling, 30(1), 86-104. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2022.2096612
Bohn, J., Holtmann, J., Luhmann, M., Koch, T., & Eid, M. (2023). Consistency and Specificity of Attachments to Parents, Friends, and Romantic Partners in Emerging Adulthood. Emerging Adulthood, 11(1), 58–73. doi: 10.1177/21676968221081275
Friemelt, B., Bloszies, C., Ernst, M. S., Peikert, A., Brandmaier, A. M., & Koch, T. (2022). On the Performance of Different Regularization Methods in Bifactor-(S-1) Models with Explanatory Variables-Caveats, Recommendations, and Future Directions. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 1-14.
Jahnke, S., Koch, T., Goede, L. R., Schröder, C. P., Lehmann, L., & Beelmann, A. (2021). Legal cynicism, but not depression, mediates the link between adverse environmental factors and youth’s political violence support. Psychology, Crime & Law, 1-19.
Bohn, J., Holtmann, J., Ulitzsch, E., Koch, T., Luhmann, M., & Eid, M. (2021). Analyzing Stability and Change in Dyadic Attachment: The Multi-Rater Latent State-Trait Model With Autoregressive Effects. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1877.
Bohn, J., Holtmann, J., Luhmann, M., Koch, T., & Eid, M. (2020). Attachment to Parents and Well-Being After High School Graduation: A Study Using Self-and Parent Ratings. Journal of Happiness Studies, 21(7), 2493-2525.
Koch, T., Holtmann, J., Eid, M., & West, S. G. (2020). Analyzing longitudinal multirater data with changing and stable raters. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 27, 73-87. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2019.1638784
Holtmann, J., Koch, T., Bohn, J., & Eid, M. (2020). Multimethod assessement of time-stable and time-variable interindividual differences: Introduction of a new multitrait-multimethod Latent State-Trait IRT model. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 1-20.
Koch, T., Holtmann, J., Bohn, J., & Eid, M. (2018). Explaining General and Specific Factors in Longitudinal, Multimethod, and Bifactor Models: Some Caveats and Recommendations. Psychological Methods, 23(3), 505-523. doi: 10.1037/met0000146
Koch, T., & Semmler-Busch, U. (2018). On the power and performance of a doubly latent residual approach to explain specific factors in multilevel-bifactor-(S-1) models. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 1-14. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2018.1516506
Eid, M., Schulze, J., Koch, T., & Krumm, S. (2018). Bifactor models for predicting criteria by general and specific factors: Problems of nonidentifiability and alternative solutions. Intelligence, 6(3), 42. doi: 10.3390/jintelligence6030042
Pietsch, M., Tulowitzki, P., & Koch, T. (2018). On the differential and shared effects of leadership for learning on teachers’ organizational commitment and job satisfaction: A multilevel perspective. Educational Administration Quarterly. doi: 10.1177/0013161X18806346
Koch, T., Kelava, A., & Eid, M. (2018). Analyzing different types of moderated method effects in two confirmatory factor models for structurally different methods. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 25(2), 179-200. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2017.1373595
Koch, T., Schultze, M., Holtmann, J., Geiser, C., & Eid, M. (2017). A Multimethod Latent State-Trait Model for Structurally Different and Interchangeable Methods. Psychometrika, 82(1), 17-47. doi: 10.1007/s11336-016-9541-x
Eid, M., Geiser, C., Koch, T., & Heene, M. (2017). Anomalous Results in G-Factor Models: Explanations and Alternatives. Psychological Methods, 22(3), 541-562. doi: 10.1037/met0000083
Gorges, J., Koch, T., Maehler, D., & Offerhaus, J. (2017). Same but Different? Measurement Invariance of the PIAAC Motivation-to-Learn Scale Across Key Socio-Demographic Groups. Large-scale Assessments in Education, 5:13. doi: 10.1186/s40536-017-0047-5
Praetorius A-K., Koch, T., Scheunpflug, A., Zeinz, H., & Dresel, M. (2017). Identifying Determinants of Teachers' Judgment (In)Accuracy Regarding Students' Motivations Using a Bayesian Cross-Classified Multi-Level Model. Learning and Instruction, 52, 148-160. doi: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2017.06.003
Holtmann, J., Koch, T., Bohn, J, & Eid, M. (2017). Bayesian Analysis of Longitudinal Multitrait-Multimethod Data with Ordinal Response Variables. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 70(1), 42-80. doi: 10.1111/bmsp.12081
Busch, C., Koch, T., Clasen, J., Vorwinkel, J., & Winkler, E. (2017). The evaluation of an organizational-level stress management intervention program for low-skilled workers. Human Relations, 70(8), 994-1016. doi: 10.1177/0018726716682308
Selmo, P., Koch, T., Brand, J., Wagner, B., Knaevelsrud, C. (2016). Psychometric properties of the online Arabic versions of the Beck Depression Inventory- II, Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 and the Post-Traumatic Diagnostic Scale. European Journal of Psychological Assessment. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000367
Eid, M., Geiser, C., & Koch, T. (2016). Measuring Method Effects: From Traditional to Design-Oriented Approaches. Current Direction in Psychological Science, 25(4), 275-280. doi: 10.1177/0963721416649624
Holtmann, J., Koch, T., Lochner, K, & Eid, M. (2016). A comparison of ML, WLSMV and Bayesian Methods for Multilevel Structural Equation Models in Small Samples - A simulation study. Multivariate Behavorial Research, 51(5), 661-680. doi: 10.1080/00273171.2016.1208074
Gorges, J., Maehler, D., Koch, T., & Offerhaus, J. (2016). Who’d Like to Learn New Things? Compiling PIAAC Items Used in 21 Countries into a Scale to Measure Adults’ Motivation to Learn. Large-Scale Assessments in Education, 4:9. doi: 10.1186/s40536-016-0024-4
Von Salisch, M., Denham, S. A., & Koch, T. (2016). Emotion Knowledge and attention problems in young children. A crossed-lagged panel study of the direction of effects. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 45(1), 45-56. doi: 10.1007/s10802-016-0157-5
Koch, T. & Schultze, M. (2016). Review of A. Alexander Beaujean, Latent Variable Modeling Using R - A Step-By-Step-Guide. New York: Routledge. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 41(3), 349-354. doi: 10.3102/1076998615622185
Luhmann, M., Bohn, J., Holtmann, J., Koch, T., & Eid, M. (2016). I'm Lonely, Can't You Tell? Convergent Validity of Self- and Informant Ratings of Loneliness. Journal of Research in Personality, 61, 50-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2016.02.002
Koch, T., Schultze, M., Jeon, M., Nussbeck, F., Praetorius A.-K., & Eid, M. (2016). A multilevel CFA-MTMM model for structurally different and non-independent interchangeable methods. Multivariate Behavorial Research, 51(1), 67-85. doi: 10.1080/00273171.2015.1101367
Koch, T., Schultze, M., Burrus, J., Roberts, R. D., & Eid, M. (2015). A multilevel CFA-MTMM model for nested structurally different methods. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 40(5), 477-510. doi: 10.3102/1076998615606109
Schultze, M., Koch, T., & Eid, M. (2015). The effects of non-independent rater sets in Multilevel-Multitrait-Multimethod models. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 22(3), 439-448. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2014.937675
Mahlke, J., Schultze, M., Koch, T., Eid, M., Eckert, R., & Brodbeck, F. C. (2015). A Multilevel CFA-MTMM Approach for Multisource Feedback Instruments: Presentation and Application of a New Statistical Model. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 23(1), 91-110. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2014.990153
Koch, T., Ortner, T., Eid, M., Caspers, J., & Schmitt, M. (2014). Evaluating the construct validity of objective personality tests using a Multitrait-Multimethod-Multioccasion-(MTMM-MO)-approach. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 30(3), 208-230. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000212
Eid, M. & Koch, T. (2014). The meaning of higher-order factors in reflective measurement models. Measurement, 12, 96-101. doi: 10.1080/15366367.2014.943591
Koch T., Schultze M., Eid M., & Geiser C. (2014). A longitudinal multilevel CFA-MTMM model for interchangeable and structurally different methods. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 311. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00311
West, S. G., & Koch, T. (2014). Restoring causal analysis to structural equation modeling. Review of Judea Pearl, Causality: Models, Reasoning & Inference (2nd. Ed). New York: Cambridge University Press. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 21(1), 161-166. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2014.856700
Hosoya, G., Koch, T., & Eid, M. (2014). Längsschnittsdaten und Mehrebenenanalyse [Longitudinal Data and Multilevel Analysis]. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 66(1). 189-218.
Geiser, C., Koch, T., & Eid, M. (2014). Data-generating mechanisms versus constructively-defined latent variables in multitrait-multimethod analysis: A comment on Castro-Schilo, Widaman, & Grimm. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 21(4), 509-523. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2014.919816
Vormittag, I., Ortner, T., & Koch T. (2014). How test takers see test examiners: How they are perceived and who is preferred. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 31, 254-262. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000232
Geiser, C., Keller, B., Lockhart, G., Eid, M., Cole, D., & Koch, T. (2014). Distinguishing state variability from trait change in longitudinal data: The role of measurement (non)invariance in latent state-trait analyses. Behavior Research Methods, 47(1), 172-203. doi: 10.3758/s13428-014-0457-z
Ortner, T. M., Weißkopf, E., & Koch, T. (2013). I will probably fail - higher ability students’ motivational experiences during adaptive achievement testing. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 30(1), 48-56. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000168
Pham, G., Koch, T., Helmke, A., Schrader, F.-W., Helmke, T., & Eid, M. (2012). Do teachers know how their teaching is perceived by their pupils? Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 3368-3374. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.068
Koch, T., Bondue, R., Daig, I., Fliege, H., & Scheithauer, H. (2012). Psychometric properties of the German narcissism inventory-90 (NI-90) in a clinical and non-clinical sample of adolescents - a comparative study. Psychopathology, 45, 53-60. doi: 10.1159/000328579

Book Chapters (peer-reviewed)

Koch, T., Holtmann, J., Crayen, C., & Heekerens, J. (2021). Construction of informative priors for the application of CFA-MTMM models in small samples: A model-free approach. In Advanced Multitrait-Multimethod Analyses for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (pp. 129-153). Routledge.
Eid, M., Holtmann, J., & Koch, T. (2021). Restricted correlated trait-correlated method models for analyzing multitrait-multimethod data. In Advanced Multitrait-Multimethod Analyses for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (pp. 28-50). Routledge.
Koch, T., Eid, M., & Lochner, K. (2018). Multitrait-Multimethod-Analysis: The Psychometric Foundation of CFA-MTMM Models. In P. Irwing, T. Booth & D. Hughes (Eds.), The Wiley Handbook of Psychometric Testing. A Multidisciplinary Reference on Survey, Scale and Test Development. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Koch, T., Holtmann, J., Bohn, J., Eid, M. (2017). Multitrait-Multimethod Analysis. In: Virgil Zeigler-Hill and Todd Shackelford (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Berlin: Springer.
Koch, T., & Eid, M. (2015). Statistische Methoden der komparativen internationalen Migrationsforschung [Statistical methods of comparative international migration research]. In D. Maehler & H. U. Brinkmann. Methoden der Migrations- und Integrationsforschung. Springer: Wiesbaden.


Holtmann, J., Bohn, J., Koch, T., Luhmann, M., & Eid, M. (2023). Bindung,Einsamkeit und Wohlbefinden im jungen Erwachsenenalter: Primärdaten einer multimethodalen Längsschnittstudie [Files auf CD-ROM]. Trier: Psychologisches Datenarchiv PsychData des Leibniz-Institut für Psychologie ZPID. doi: 10.5160/psychdata.hnja15bi24_v100